BARRÉS, AUGUSTE MAURICE° (1862–1923), French writer and politician. His extreme individualism and nationalism greatly influenced his generation. He contributed regularly to the nationalist antisemitic daily La Cocarde (founded in 1888), which he edited for a while, and there propounded many of the views on blood purity, the state, and the individual which were later developed and put into practice in Germany. He also expressed these opinions in his novels. Like charles maurras , Barrès was influenced by H.A. Taine, who emphasized race and environment as the determinant factors in history, and by proudhon , who identified capitalists with bankers and bankers with Jews. With Maurras, Barrès laid the ideological foundations of the Action Française , a forerunner of the Fascist movement. At the time of the dreyfus case, Barrès was among the most vehement of Dreyfus' accusers. During World War I, however, he became an ideologist of the "Union sacrée," and temporarily setting aside his prejudices accepted the Jews as members of the "spiritual family" of France. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. de Boisdeffre, Maurice Barrès (Fr., 1962), incl. bibl.; M.R. Curtis, Three Against the Third Republic (1959), incl. bibl. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z. Sternhell, Maurice Barrès et le nationalisme français (1972); C.S. Doty, From Cultural Rebellion to Counterrevolution: The Politics of Maurice Barrès (1976).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Barrès, (Auguste) Maurice — (19 ago. 1862, Charmes sur Moselle, Francia–5 dic. 1923, París). Escritor y político francés. Fue miembro de la Cámara de Diputados (1889–93) y se convirtió en un acérrimo nacionalista. Junto con Charles Maurras expuso las doctrinas del Partido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Barrès, (Auguste-) Maurice — born Aug. 19, 1862, Charmes sur Moselle, France died Dec. 5, 1923, Paris French writer and politician. He served in the Chamber of Deputies (1889–93) and became a strong nationalist. With Charles Maurras, he expounded the doctrines of the French… …   Universalium

  • Maurice Barrès — Maurice Barrès. Auguste Maurice Barrès, escritor, político y publicista francés. Nace el 19 de agosto de 1862 en Charmes sur Moselle y muere el 4 de diciembre de 1923 en Neuilly sur Seine). Analista sutil y elevado lirismo. Exponente del yoísmo y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Auguste — (as used in expressions) Atget Jean Eugène Auguste Barrès Auguste Maurice Bartholdi Frédéric Auguste Blanqui Louis– Auguste Bourgeois Léon Victor Auguste Caillaux Joseph Marie Auguste Chateaubriand François Auguste René viscount of Chouteau René… …   Universalium

  • Auguste — (as used in expressions) Atget, (Jean) Eugène (Auguste) Barrès, (Auguste) Maurice Bartholdi, Frédéric Auguste Blanqui, (Louis) Auguste Bourgeois, Léon (Victor Auguste) Caillaux, Joseph (Marie Auguste) Sophie Friederike Auguste, princesa von… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurice — /mawr is, mor , maw rees /; for 3 also Fr. /maw rddees /, n. 1. German, Moritz. 1521 53, German general: elector of Saxony 1547 53. 2. of Nassau, 1567 1625, Dutch statesman. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Barrès Auguste… …   Universalium

  • Maurice — (as used in expressions) Barrès, (Auguste) Maurice Baudot, (Jean Maurice) Émile Béjart, Maurice Maurice Jean Berger Chevalier, Maurice Dirac, P(aul) A(drien) M(aurice) Edelman, Gerald Maurice Evans, Maurice (Herbert) Ewing, (William) Maurice… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurice Barres — Maurice Barrès Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barrès. Maurice Barrès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maurice Barrès — (eigentlich Auguste Maurice Barrès; * 19. August 1862 in Charmes, Lothringen; † 4. Dezember 1923 in Neuilly sur Seine) war ein französischer Romancier, Journalist und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barrès — Maurice Barrès Maurice Barrès (eigentlich Auguste Maurice Barrès; * 19. August 1862 in Charmes sur Moselle, Lothringen; † 4. Dezember 1923 in Neuilly sur Seine) war ein französischer Romancier, Journalist und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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